Hebrews

Summary by Chapter

CHAPTER 1

Summary
God speaks to us now through His Son (Jesus). He is the exact imprint of God’s nature. Jesus, as testified by many Old Testament Scriptures is greater (much superior) than angels. Different from Jesus (the Son), angels are ministers to us who have inherited salvation.

Notable Verses
3 He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power.
14 Are they (angels) not all ministering spirits sent out to serve for the sake of those who are to inherit salvation?

CHAPTER 2
Summary
Because of the superiority of Jesus, we must pay close attention to the things we have heard, so that we don’t drift away from our faith in Him (some of the Jewish readers at that time were putting greater emphasis on Angels over Jesus). Even though Jesus was made lower than the angels for a short period of time, God put everything in subjection to Jesus. He is the founder of our salvation. Jesus is not ashamed to call us his brothers because He Himself went through the same things that go through as humans. He had to be made like us in all ways so that He could be merciful and faithful as our High Priest.

Notable Verses
2 For since the message declared by angels proved to be reliable, and every transgression or disobedience received a just retribution, 3 how shall we escape if we neglect such a great salvation?
17 Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God…

CHAPTER 3
Summary
Consider that just as Moses was faithful in all things to God as a servant of His house, Jesus was also just as faithful to God, yet Jesus has more glory than Moses because he is the actual builder of the house. Those who go astray or harden their hearts will not enter God’s rest, just as those Jews in the last had not entered the physical rest of Canaan. Be careful not to be taken away by unbelief but strongly encourage each other not to be taken away by sin, through a hardened heart. Remember the ones that were disobedient, rebellious and those who did not honor their promise to God. They were the ones that sinned because of their unbelief.

Notable Verses
3 For Jesus has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses—as much more glory as the builder of a house has more honor than the house itself.
13 But exhort one another every day, as long as it is called “today,” that none of you may be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.

CHAPTER 4
Summary
The “rest” that was spoken of in the previous chapter remains and we should strive to enter it. Those in the past generation of the Jews did not receive the rest because of their lack of faith. We need to be diligent to enter that rest and to encourage others not to waver in that effort. God’s word will guide us to that rest, but we also need to understand that God’s word will also reveal all of our sins and flaws and no one can hide from God seeing us as we really are. But, we can rest assured that our savior Jesus, whom we are accountable to, can sympathize with what we are going through in this life because he lived a life as we do.

Notable Verses
12 For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.
13 But exhort one another every day, as long as it is called “today,” that none of you may be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.

15For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. 16 Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.

CHAPTER 5
Summary
Just like priests under the Old Law were appointed by God to serve and act as mediators between God and man, Jesus was also appointed by God to do the same. Through His suffering, brought on by His obedience (and reverence to God), He became the source of our salvation. I the effort to enter the rest of God, we should never get to the point of not growing in our knowledge of God’s word. We ought to continue to become mature in our knowledge of the Scriptures as to discern good from evil.

Notable Verses
8 Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered. 9 And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him…
12 For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you again the basic principles of the oracles of God.
14 But solid food is for the mature, for those who have their powers of discernment trained by constant practice to distinguish good from evil.